Nepal has a long roughly rectangular shape with an extension of around 885 km east - west and 145 - 241 km north - south. Altitude ranges from near sea level to 8848 m above it. The contrasting topography of Nepal can be divided into three different geographic regions based on the altitude.

Himalaya Region: with an inclusion of 8 of the 14 highest summits in the world, this region ranges from 4877 m and 8848 m here, the culture and religion are in compliance to that of Tibet.

Hilly Region: Lying as a broad belt between the Terai and the Himalayas, the Hilly region is the most densely populated part of Nepal. It covers 64% of the total area of Nepal including Kathmandu and Pokhara.

Terai Region: This narrow strip of subtropical Gangetic plains extends through the entire southern part of the country. It has an altitude of less than 100 m above sea level, mostly covered with forest and fertile farming fields.
  • Electricity

    Normally, domestic consumption of electricity in Nepal comes to 220 Volts/50 cycles. Climatic conditions in Nepal may bring in fluctuation in electric supply leading to load shedding. However most Nepal hotels have UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) or a backup generator to deal with this electric crisis. It is advisable to carry voltage converters and plug adapters with you while travelling in Nepal for using electric goods. Voltage converters and plug adapters are easily accessible at shopping malls in the cities of Nepal.
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  • Drinking Water

    Drinking water from taps can be risky. Hotels and lodges usually furnish safe water in a thermos flask in guest rooms. Bottled mineral water is available in every hotel and shops. If you are travelling in rural areas, carry iodine tablets with you. Drinking water containing iodine tablet will give you absolute protection from viruses, bacteria and parasites. At a reasonable price, you can also purchase iodine crystals from the local shops.
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  • Currency

    Nepali currency is termed as Rupee. Rupees come in the form of bank paper note with Rs.1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 inscribed on the notes. Nepali coins also come in 25 paisa, 50 paisa, 1 rupee, 5 rupee and 10 rupee coins. You can have your money exchanged at banks and hotels. Prior to any transaction, it is advisable to inquire about the commission and charges that will be deducted for the money exchange at Nepal currency exchange rate. Banks are usually open from 10.00 am to 4.00 pm Sundays through Thursdays and from 10.00 am to 12.00 pm on Fridays. Saturdays are holidays. Credit Cards: all major cards are accepted for tourist services. There is usually a 5% mark-up on top of the price.
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  • Communication

    Communication system has improved impressively after the advent of modern technology in Nepal. Since the past few decades, Nepal Government has been providing reliable postal services. Many private courier service companies have opened up to provide high quality services. Cell phones in today's time have made communication very easy in Nepal. While trekking in the remote parts of the Himalayas, you can have access to telephone facility but sometimes bad weather may disturb telephone connections. In most of the cities you can easily get internet access but in the trekking trails this service is available only in limited places.
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  • Language

    Nepali is an official language of Nepal, with over 30 other languages spoken as mother tongues in different parts of the country, and as well there are many regional dialects. English is spoken. Many in the travel and tourism industry speak German, Spanish, Japanese, French and Italian.
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  • Clothing

    From April to the end of October, it is warm in Kathmandu. In Nepal clothing for travelling purpose should be comfortable and light. You can also wear longer shorts provided that it is weather- friendly. In the months of November to the end of March, days are usually warm and evenings are cool. Put on your summer clothes during the day time but in the evening and night it is advisable to carry a light jacket. Winter season starts from December to February. One must be equipped with sufficient winter wears to stay protected from the cold.
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  • Weather

    Climate factors are very important in deciding on a visit to Nepal and because of its varying topography Nepal encounter climatic extremes depending upon the altitude of the place. However, in general Nepal has four climatic seasons:

    Autumn (September-November)), the start of the dry season, is in many ways the best time of the year in Nepal. As the monsoon ends the country-side is green and lush and Nepal is at its most beautiful. Rice is harvested and there are some more important and colorful festivals to enjoy. At this time of the year the air is sparkling clean, visibility is unexcelled and the Himalayan views are as near perfect as you can ask. Furthermore the weather is still balmy, neither too hot nor too cold. For obvious reasons, this is also the peak tourist season.
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  • Actvities

    Cultural Tours

    Nepal is a rich country for cultural heritage. The culture of Nepal is a unique combination of tradition and novelty. The traditions are followed as they were and new customs are created to keep pace with the changing times. Culture in Nepal is an assemblage of music, architecture, religion and literature. The two predominant religions, Hinduism and Buddhism, are ever present with the variety of gods and goddess, numerous temples, stupas and monasteries, and depict the deep faith of the people.

    Nepal is cloaked in myths and legends, and as well as being home to the highest mountains on earth and spectacular scenery, the country has an extremely rich cultural heritage. Historical Kathmandu Durbar Square, 3rd centuries Swoyambhunath Stupa, biggest Hindu temple - Pasupatinath where the maximum cremation is conducted. The largest stupa in the world - Boudhanath, temple of reclining god - Budhanilkantha, city of fine carvings, temples and shrines in - Patan Durbar Square, city of devotees and Palaces Bhaktapur Durbar Square, 5th centuries Changunarayan Temple, Nagarkot (charming sunrise and sunset spot as well as the great Himalayan scenery), Lumbini - birthplace of Lord Buddha, travelling around Pokhara; city of full of natural beauty as well as dozens of temples and monastery and Manakamana (wish fulfilling goddess) etc. has made Nepal a mysterious and an interesting and best place for a cultural tour.

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  • Festivals

    Seto Machindranath Snan, January. Seto (white) Machendranath enjoys a week long festivals in which he is bathed, oiled perfumed and painted. The goddess Kumari visits him at his elaborate temple near Asan tole. If he is pleased by the music, offering and attention of his devotee, the people of the valley can look forward to satisfactory rainfall in the planting season.

    Swasthani, January – February, The three eyes of Goddess Swasthani watches over us. By worshipping Swasthani, Parbati attained
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  • Entry to Nepal

    By Air:

    To fly directly to Nepal, Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu is the only international airport in Nepal. The TIA has direct air links with Hong Kong, Lhasa, Dhaka, Doha, Abu Dhabi, Banglore, Shanghai, Dubai, Bangkok, Karachi, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi & Paro etc. Apart from Nepal Airlines, various other airlines such as Thai Airways, Qatar Airways, Ethiad Airline, Oman Air, Fly Dubai, Air Asia, Pakistan International Airlines, Indian Airlines, Druk Air, Air China, Biman Bangladesh carry most of the travelers to Kathmandu.

    By Land:

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  • Visa & Immigration

    All visitors except Indian nationals must hold a passport and valid visa. Visa can be obtained at the Nepalese diplomatic missions and consulates abroad. Visa is also issued at the entry points. It can be extended at the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu. Children under 10 years need not pay any visa fee. People willing to get entry Visa at the airport or any of the land entry points are required to fill a visa form with passport size photograph.

    Beside Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA), Tourist entry visa can also be obtained from the following entry points of Nepal:

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  • Flora & Fauna

    Nepal is a land of geographical extremes, ranging from near sea-level elevations in the southern Terai to the world's highest mountain. The country contains variety of ecosystem; treeless sub-alpine pastures and dense forests of the high valley, oak and rhododendron woods of the middle hills, and tall sal forest of the south. Along the southern border of Nepal are preserved much of the low land jungles and grassland that once covered this part of the sub continent. Here one can see the birds and mammals found nowhere else. Although animals habitat has been somewhat depleted as a result of agriculture, deforestation and other causes, through Nepal's extensive and effective park and reserve system, the country still has more varied flora and fauna than any other area in Asia.
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  • Art & Culture

    The culture of Nepal is rich and unique. The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage encompasses the diversities of Nepal's ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks.

    Bronze and Metal

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  • Geography

    Nepal has a long roughly rectangular shape with an extension of around 885 km east - west and 145 - 241 km north - south. Altitude ranges from near sea level to 8848 m above it. The contrasting topography of Nepal can be divided into three different geographic regions based on the altitude.
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  • Religion

    Since Nepal was declared federal democratic republic nation, the people of Nepal living in various society got right to establish their own religion belief so thereafter Nepal is known as multi religious to the entire world. Due to its huge diversified land division people living in the various regions in different ethnic groups they follow their own way of religious practice, lifestyle, language, culture and tradition with ever peace of harmony in society. About 80% of the total populations follow Hindu religion, about 10% are Buddhist, 4% are Muslims and rest of other religions.
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  • People

    Nepal has a population of about thirty million, made up of an assortment of races and tribes living in different regions, wearing different costumes and speaking different languages and dialects. They live under diverse environmental condition, from the low plains at the borders of India, northward through the middle hills and valleys up to the flanks of great Himalayan range where there are settlements at altitudes of up to 4,800 meters.
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  • History

    With the passing of every new century, Nepal witnessed many rulers and dynasties play contributing roles in molding Nepal to present day's Modern Nepal. Kiratis ruled Nepal from 9th century B.C. to 1st century A.D. Later Lichchavis took over Kiratis from 3rd to 13th century and then were followed by Thakuris belonging to Malla dynasty. Then Shah Dynasty held the reign. King Prithvi Narayan Shah is solely responsible for today's modern day Nepal for he is the one who united different kingdoms into one single nation in 1769. In 1846, the Kot massacre led by Jung Bahadur Rana back seated the power of monarchy and made the Rana regime more powerful.
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