India is one of the most magnificent countries in the world. Indian History is as old as the History of Mankind.
Ancient Indian Temple India is the site of one of the famous civilizations of the ancient world, the others being the Mesopotamian, Chinese, Egyptian, Greek and the Mayan (Central America). The earliest known civilization in India dates back to about 3000 BC. Discovered in the 1920s, it was largely confined to the valley of the river Indus (which now flows through Pakistan and Ladakh, to name a few places) hence it acquired the name the Indus Valley civilization. This civilization was predominantly an urban concentrated in and around two principal towns, Mohenjodaro and Harappa, the ruins of which still exist.
India is the second most populated country in the world. According to the census taken in 2011, the country's population was around 1.2 billion and has been increasing. The population of the state of Uttar Pradesh is equal to that of the Japan, the seventh most populous country in the world. The government started a family planning program aimed at controlling the increasing population. However, so far, this has not been as successful as predicted. Thus, overpopulation is the greatest problem for India.
India is probably the only country with the largest and most diverse mixture of races. All the five major racial types - Australoid, Mongoloid, Europoid, Caucasian and Negroid - find representation among the people of India.
India is perhaps the most culturally diverse country of the world. One can find representation from almost all the major religions in India.
Hinduism: It is not merely a religion but also philosophy and a way of life. Hinduism does not originate in the teachings of any one prophet or holy book. It respects other religions and does not attempt to seek converts. It teaches the immortality of the human soul and three principal paths to ultimate union of the individual soul with the all-pervasive spirit.
Culture is the Art of Living. The culture of India is one of the oldest cultures in the world. In modern India, there is remarkable cultural diversity throughout the country. India is a conglomeration of men and women of various castes and creed. It is a fusion of old traditional values and the modern principles.
Dance & Music of India India offers a number of classical dance forms, each of which can be traced to different parts of the country. Each form represents the culture and ethos of a particular region or a group of people. The seven main styles are Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Odissi, Kuchipudi, Mohiniattam, Manipuri and Kathakali.
The Geography of India presents a varied and diverse landscape ranging from snow-clad mountain ranges, deserts to plains, hills and plateaus.
Climate ranges from equatorial in the far south, to tundra in the Himalayan altitudes. India has a long coastline of over seven thousand kilometers, most of which lies on a peninsula, which protrudes into the Indian Ocean. Western India is bounded by the Arabian Sea and eastern India, the Bay of Bengal.
India has a very rich flora and fauna. It is estimated that there are over 500 species of mammals, 200 plus species of birds and about 30,000 species of insects. In addition to the above, there are hundreds of species of fish and reptiles.
Indian wild life comprises of the Asian elephant, the only lions outside Africa, the Royal Bengal Tiger, single horned Indian rhino, the wild buffalo (Indian Bison) many leopards and smaller cat species, large variety of deer, monkeys and wild goats. The reptile population includes a wide range of snakes, lizards and crocodiles. Birds range from colorful peacocks and parrots to large stock of migrant water birds. Much of the fauna is protected by law. To protect wildlife, India had set up 66 National Parks, 333 wild life Sanctuaries and 35 zoological gardens in the country.
Foreign Nationals desirous of coming into India are required to possess a valid passport of their country and a valid Indian Visa.
The Consular Passport and Visa (CPV) Division of the Ministry of External Affairs is responsible for issuance of Indian visas to the foreign nationals for their visit for various purposes. This facility is granted through various Indian missions abroad.
Visa fees are non-refundable and subject to change without notice. The High Commission reserves the right on granting and deciding type/duration of visa irrespective of the fees tendered at the time of making application. Granting of Visa does not confer the right of entry to India and is subject to the discretion of the Immigration Authorities.
India is often described as a land of many religions and languages, but it might as well be described as a land of festivals. Some festivals are observed throughout the country; others have specific regional associations. India celebrates holidays and festivals of almost all the faiths in the world. In one region or the other, festivals happen almost every day, each with a specialty of its own. Each festival in each region has its own particular foods and sweets appropriate to the season and crops, and days are spent in their careful preparation.
Following are some of the major festivals from India.
Deepawali: Deepawali literally means an array of lamps it is the Festival of Lights, it symbolizes the victory of righteousness and the lifting of spiritual darkness. Depawali is a festival that lasts 5 days.
India Culture Tours India, the land of amazing surprises, is one of the most fascinating tourist destinations in the world. India is known all over the world for its rich, unique and diverse culture and civilization. The regional cultural diversity in language, religion, ethos, customs, traditions, food and even costumes are amazing and unique in themselves. India has preserved its cultural heritage in various forms. Be it magnificent forts, palaces and havelis; amazing temples, mosques and churches; spicy and delicious cuisine delicacies or innumerous colorful and vibrant festivals, India has it all, making it one of the most favorite cultural destinations in the world. Visit some of the most famous cultural destinations of India known for their cultural and architectural uniqueness on your India Culture Tours and experience the very best of Indian culture. India Tours and Packages offers you an exciting range of specially designed India cultural tour packages that will take you to the most fascinating and culturally rich cities and towns of India. Enjoy a unique, exciting and memorable India Culture tour to discover the rich cultural heritage of a wonderful country called India.
India has hot tropical weather with variations occurring region to region. While the coolest months are from November to mid-March, the hottest are from April to June. From mid-July to September one can experience Monsoon rains.
Winters in India are pleasant with plenty of sunny days. Most of the North India remains dry, dusty, and unpleasant during the summer months.
For a tourist, India provides ample opportunities to participate in diverse activities in different parts of the country.
India has a pleasant climate throughout the year except in Gujarat, Rajasthan and Delhi and a few other places, where it can get very hot and dry during the summer months. In most other states in India, summer is bearable, even for the foreign tourist.
Light colored cottons are best suited to India’s climate for most of the year. Cargo trousers or shorts, sweat shirts and other casual attire are recommended. When it comes to footwear, sneakers or slippers/ sandals/ slip-ons are always comfortable.
The National Currency of India is the Indian rupee, which is available in denominations of Rs 10, Rs 20, Rs 50, Rs 100, Rs 500 and Rs 1000. There are coins for Re 1, Rs 2, Rs 5 and Rs 10.
Banking in India has become quite easy now. ATMs are found in many cities in India except for the very small towns. Major international credit cards are widely accepted in the cities.
Avoid drinking tap water while in India. Consumption of bottled water is always advisable. Please do not forget to check that the bottle is sealed before you purchase it, and please remember to dispose of it properly.
The voltage supply at most of the hotels across India is 230-240 volts. Most of the plug-in pins in India are different from western made plug-in pins. It makes sense to carry an adaptor and dry cells.